The manual covers regulations under the South African Road Traffic Act that directly affect driver and to ensure safer driving. South Africa K53 Road traffic signs, signals and markings. All traffic departments within the Western Cape. The learner's section explains the K53 Defensive Driving principles, road signs INCLUDES THE LATEST INFORMATION Learners Licence: Rules of the (Print) ISBN (PDF) PLEASE NOTE: The. Everything you need to know about the learners test (traffic theory). Download/ View. Follow up. Practice your learners test, Cars. Practice your learners test.
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Section 1: Rules of the Road. 1 INTRODUCTION . .. 1. 2 ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS. K53 South Africa is the most popular FREE Learner's license app in South Africa, Thousands have tried it and thousands have passed. K53 South Africa app. The Safeways K53 Learners and Drivers Manual has been designed with you in mind. It's so easy to use. Each section, from road traffic signs to rules of the road.
We hope it was useful. Check it out Looking for a dream car? Well Caltex have a directory where you can search for your nearest Caltex petrol station. Find a flat, stable and safe place to change your tire. You need a solid, level surface that will restrict the car from rolling.
If you are near a road, park as far from traffic as possible and turn on your emergency flashers hazard lights. Avoid soft ground and hills.
Apply the parking brake and put car into "Park" position. If you have a standard transmission, put your vehicle in first or reverse. Place a heavy object e. Take out the spare tire and the jack. Place the jack under the frame near the tire that you are going to change. Ensure that the jack is in contact with the metal portion of your car's frame.
Many cars have molded plastic along the bottom.
The New Official K53 Manual - For the Learner’s and Driving Licence Tests (Extract)
If you don't place the jack in the right spot, it will crack the plastic when you start lifting. If you're not sure about the right place to put the jack, read your owner's manual. For most modern uni-body cars, there is a small notch or mark just behind the front wheel wells, or in front of the rear wheel wells where the jack is intended to be placed.
Raise the jack until it is supporting but not lifting the car. The jack should be firmly in place against the underside of the vehicle. Check to make sure that the jack is perpendicular to the ground 6. Remove the hub cap and loosen the nuts by turning counterclockwise. Don't take them all the way off and just break the resistance. Having the wheel on the ground means that you're turning the nuts instead of the wheel.
Use the wrench that came with your car or a standard cross wrench. Your wrench may have different sizes of openings on different ends. A correctly-sized wrench will slip easily over the nut, but will not rattle.
It can take quite a lot of force to break your lug nuts free.
If all else fails, you can use your body weight or stomp on the wrench be absolutely certain you are turning it the right way - counter clockwise. Indicate your intention. Keep left. You must use the vehicle indicators or brake lights to warn other road users of your intention to slow down, stop, or turn.
You must indicate in good time and for long enough to warn other road users of your intention. Each test has a different set of questions.
For thorough preparation for the official test we recommend that you do all three tests, and that you aim for full marks for each test.
Instructions 1. Start at TEST A and read the first question carefully Read the question again to make sure you understand what is being asked. Read the multiple-choice answer options beneath the question. Decide which option or combination of options reflects the most correct answer. Circle the reference A, B, or C of the answer you have decided upon. When youve answered all of the questions in TEST A, check your answers against the correct answers given on page Do that test again until you can answer every question correctly.
Between now and when you sit for the official test, revise the material daily. It is a good idea to do these mock tests again a day or two before you do the official test. TEST A 3. Which control prevents a parked vehicle from moving? Which controls are used to select a gear? Which control is used to accelerate? Which control is used to change direction or turn?
Which control does a vehicle with automatic transmission not have? Which control is used to stop the vehicle?
Which controls are used to make a sharp turn to the left or right? The driving test measures a drivers proficiency regarding: the handling of a vehicle; obedience to traffic rules, road signs, traffic signals and surface markings; correct application of the K53 defensive driving system through all aspects of the test; and coping with traffic problems in practical driving situations. You may not do the driving test in a light motor vehicle that is less than 3 m in length.
During the test, smoking and the use of cellular phones are not allowed. What the tests covers The tests consist of the following: Light and heavy motor vehicle test: 8 A pre-trip inspection of the vehicles roadworthiness.
Time limits for completing the test Motorcycles: No time limit Light and heavy motor vehicles yard test: 20 minutes plus 59 seconds grace period including the pre-trip vehicle inspection.
If you pass the yard test you will continue with the road test which will take between 20 and 45 minutes. You will fail the yard test and the test will be discontinued if: 8 you exceed the time limit of 20 minutes and 59 seconds for the pre-trip inspections and the yard test manoeuvres; 8 you have been allocated more than 50 penalty points see next topic Scoring method ; or 8 you fail any one of the immediate fail items in any manoeuvre see next topic Scoring method.
The stopwatch will be stopped after completion of each of the following, and re-started before the next item: 8 the instructions for the pre-trip inspections; 8 each yard test manoeuvre; and 8 the road test.
Scoring method The examiner will use a score sheet to evaluate your performance during the test. You may accumulate a certain number of penalty points during each part of the test see next page. If you score more than this allowance you will fail the test.
K53 Test. Heavy Motor Vehicle Questions & Answers
Besides the penalty points applicable to specific manoeuvres and road test situations, throughout the test you will also be allocated penalty points each time you make the following errors: 8 not showing courtesy towards other road users: 1 8 not checking in the mirrors every 5 to 8 seconds: 5 8 looking in the mirrors for too long: 1 Some items do not carry penalty points and must be completed correctly in order to continue with the rest of the test.
If you are unsuccessful in any of these immediate failure items, the test will be stopped immediately and you will have to reapply to do the test some other time.
O VERV IEW 81 Immediate failure items You will fail the test and it will be stopped immediately if you make any of the following errors: Light and heavy motor vehicle test: Motorcycle test: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 have a mechanical failure of the vehicle; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign, signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 be involved in a collision you could have avoided; 8 bump any obstacles, mount a kerb or touch a boundary line; 8 fail to complete a manoeuvre within the allotted number of attempts; 8 allow the vehicle to roll forward or backwards; 8 fail to demonstrate that you can give a hand signal correctly when instructed to do so; 8 exceed the minute time limit for the yard test; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for the yard test; or 8 exceed 8 penalty points per minute during the road test.
Penalty points allocation: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 fall off the motorcycle or allow it to fall; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign , signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 fail to wear a suitable safety helmet; 8 touch any boundary line; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for Part One of the test, or 90 penalty points for Part Two; 8 dont succeed with one attempt: moving off; turning left; lane change to the right; or 8 dont succeed within three attempts: moving off and riding; turning speed judgement; emergency stop and emergency swerve; or stopping.
What you need to know:
Penalty points allocation: Vehicle rolls back or forwards Touch any obstacles Not successful in the number of attempts allowed observation Signal intention Moving off Counter-steering Signal cancelled With each yard test manoeuvre weve included a table that shows the number of penalty points that can be allocated for any errors in executing the various elements in that manoeuvre, e.
Penalty points are given for any action that: 8 you do, but which should not be done, e.
For example, if you forget to do a observation during a particular manoeuvre which requires that action, you will be penalized 5 points. Similarly, if you do not signal your intention when it is needed, that can cost you 5 points. The higher the number of penalty points allocated to an action, the more important it is for you to do it correctly. A shaded box indicates an element you must do correctly or you will fail the entire test immediately.
Note: For the road test, where a manoeuvre applies in several situations, the penalty points have not been shown every time.
For example, the K53 action steps for stopping or for moving off must be applied every time these form part of a driving manoeuvre, such as at intersections. Look to the front, sides, in the mirrors and blind spots.
Look up and down crossroads and vehicle entrances for any vehicles and pedestrians. Signalling 8 Check in the rear-view mirror s and appropriate blind spot, if applicable, e.
However, you must check in the rear-view mirror s before braking commences. The examiner will accompany you to the vehicle, where a pre-trip exterior inspection will be conducted prior to entering the vehicle. The examiner may allow minor defects to be rectified; however, no extra time will be allowed for this. If any of the items indicated on the test report under the headings Pre-trip inspection are found not to be operating, the vehicle will be considered unroadworthy and the examiner will record a fail and immediately discontinue the test.
You will not be penalized for the following: 8 if you dont execute the pre-trip inspection in an anti-clockwise direction; 8 if you dont raise the windscreen wipers from the windscreen; 8 if you check one wheel and only later refer to the other wheels; or 8 if you dont check both sidewalls of a tyre for damage.
When checking those parts of the vehicle which you have to check, you are not expected to mention all the properties of that particular part. For example, when the wheels are checked, you dont need to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear and for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap, etc. When it is clear to the examiner that you have paid attention to the specific parts, whether mentioned or not, you will be credited. Procedure light and heavy motor vehicles: 8 Check under the vehicle for any leaks and obstructions.
Check the wiper blades for any wear and leave them extended. During the interior inspection, after the instruments and gauges have been checked for any malfunction, the engine must be started and left running to allow the air pressure to build up in the air brakes while the exterior inspection is being carried out. Ensure from the drivers seat that the parking brake is applied. Ensure that the gear lever is in the neutral position in P or N for automatic transmission.
Check for any obstructions. Check any warning lights and gauges where applicable. Check the seat adjustment for the correct driving position. Check all the mirrors for maximum rear-view vision; adjust as necessary. Turn the ignition key to the ON position, without starting the engine.
Check the operation of any electric windows, if applicable. Check all the instruments on the instrument panel and mention any changes. Check the operation of the front and rear lights, indicators, horn and wipers.
Switch the ignition off and return all the switches to the OFF position. Check the steering for any excessive free play.
Check the pressure on the brake and clutch pedals. Return the wipers to the normal position, where applicable. Check that the doors are properly closed and that any passengers are conversant with the operation of the doors. Fasten the seatbelt and request any passengers to fasten their seatbelts.
Ensure that the passengers know how to operate the release mechanism of the seatbelts. These manoeuvres test your competence in handling the vehicle while reversing, parking, moving off on an incline and turning the vehicle around in the road. Before you start the manoeuvres, the examiner will give you the following information: 8 The full yard test the pre-trip inspections as well as the manoeuvres must be completed within 20 minutes and 59 seconds stopwatch time.
The examiner will tell you: 8 to position the vehicle at the starting point; 8 to reverse into the demarcated area without touching any obstacle; 8 that stopping is permissible at any stage; 8 that no forward movement will be permitted while entering the bay; and 8 that a second final attempt may be made if the first attempt was unsuccessful, provided that no obstacles were touched.
Position your vehicle at the starting point and cancel the signal, if applicable. Apply the parking brake or select neutral, or P for automatic transmission and wait for instructions. When instructed to do so, perform the manoeuvre by following the steps on page Note: Alley docking to the left is shown here, so the first blind spot observation check and signalling will be to the left.
When intending to alley dock to the right, the first blind spot check and signalling will be to the right. The following two illustrations show the correct K53 sequence for: 1.
Turning left without stopping 3 2 4 1. Check mirrors 2. Check left blind spot 3. Signal left Accelerate as necessary Check mirrors Cancel signal 4.
Check left blind spot, if applicable 5. Steer to the left of the lane, if necessary 6. Check mirrors 7. Select a lower gear, if necessary 9. Yield to pedestrians if necessary Penalty points allocation: Check in the mirrors Check the blind spots Signal intention Lane changing Check left and right for cross-traffic Position for the turn Wheels straight for turning Signal cancelled Note: The penalty points shown in the box above apply to all intersection situations.Do not touch any boundary lines.
Enough for you to stop without swerving Enough to avoid bumping the vehicle ahead If you can swerve and pass the vehicle ahead. Select a lower gear, if necessary 9. Parking lights - only used outside of a demarcated parking bay or in a dark area 12m or more from a street light. K53 Test questions 2.